Dartmouth Events

Psychological and Brain Sciences Colloquium

Brad Wyble, PhD, Pennsylvania State University

Friday, March 26, 2021
3:30pm – 4:30pm
Intended Audience(s): Alumni, Faculty, Postdoc, Staff, Students-Graduate, Students-Undergraduate
Categories: Lectures & Seminars

Please join us on Friday, March 26, 2021, at 3:30 p.m., for a virtual colloquium given by Brad Wyble, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University. Title and abstract are below, and Zoom details will be provided at a later date.

Title:  The When, Where and What of Visual Memory Formation

Abstract:  The eyes send a continuous stream of about two million nerve fibers to the brain, but only a fraction of this information is stored as visual memories.  This talk will detail three neurocomputational models that attempt an understanding how the visual system makes on-the-fly decisions about how to encode that information.  First, the STST family of models (Bowman & Wyble 2007; Wyble, Potter, Bowman & Nieuwenstein 2011) proposes mechanisms for temporal segmentation of continuous input.  The conclusion of this work is that the visual system has mechanisms for rapidly creating brief episodes of attention that highlight important moments in time, and also separates each episode from temporally adjacent neighbors to benefit learning. 

Next, the RAGNAROC model (Wyble et al. 2019) describes a decision process for determining the spatial region(s) of attention in a spatiotopic field and the neural mechanisms that provide enhancement of targets and suppression of highly distracting information.  This work highlights the importance of integrating behavioral and electrophysiological data to provide empirical constraints on a neurally plausible model of spatial attention. The model also highlights how a neural circuit can make decisions in a continuous space, rather than among discrete alternatives. 

Finally, the binding pool  (Swan & Wyble 2014; Hedayati, O’Donnell, Wyble BioRXiv) provides a mechanism for selectively encoding specific  attributes (i.e. color, shape, category) of a visual object to be stored in a consolidated memory representation.  The binding pool is akin to a holographic memory system that layers representations of select latent spaces corresponding to different attributes of a given object.  Moreover, it can bind features into distinct objects by linking them to token placeholders.  The model exemplifies how compression and categorization provide two distinct methods of storing familiar information with greater efficiency than novel information.

Future work looks toward combining these models into a coherent framework for understanding the full measure of on-the-fly attentional mechanisms and how they improve learning.

For more information, contact:
Michelle Powers

Events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.